About Moscow

MOSCOW – the capital of the Russian Federation, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation. It has its own territory, population, bodies of state and local authorities, coat-of-arms, flag and anthem.

MOSCOW – one of the largest cultural and tourist centers in the world, having a unique cultural-historical heritage and a modern entertainment infrastructure.

Area: 2,511 km2 (1,569.3 miles2).

Population: 11, 977, 988 people (on 01/01/2013). Population density: 4,770.82 persons per km2. Moscow is Europe's largest city by number of residents.

National composition: Russians, Ukrainians, Tatars, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Jews, Belarusians, Georgians, Uzbeks, Chechens, Koreans, Bashkirs, Moldavians, et al.

Founding date: 1147.

Each year around 5 million foreign tourists visit Moscow; most of them come from Germany, China, France, the USA and Italy. Many others come from Japan, Turkey, Great Britain, Italy, Vietnam, Israel, Brazil, Spain and the countries of Latin America.

For more information about Moscow and its surroundings please visit the town's web site in English at www.moscow.ru

Top places to visit in Moscow

The Kremlin

The Moscow Kremlin is one of the most ancient parts of the city and symbolises the whole of Russia. It is both a cultural sight, as well as the centre of the Russian state, and the residence of the President of Russia.
There are many tours offered around the Kremlin, and various museums are located inside the complex, such as the Armory Chamber, Cathedral of the Annunciation, Cathedral of the Archangel, Cathedral of the Assumption, the Patriarch’s chambers, Church of the Deposition of the Robe, Ivan the Great Bell Ensemble, Sobornaya square, and “Archeology of the Moscow Kremlin” collection.
The Kremlin is open to visitors from Friday to Wednesday between 10h00 and 17h00. More information

Bolshoi Theatre

The Bolshoi Theatre is the most famous theatre in Moscow. The theatre shows around 3-4 different operas and 2-3 ballets each year. The focus is on classical masterpieces from composers such as Mozart, Verdi, Wagner, and Tchaikovsky.
For information about tickets and opening times check:

St. Basil's (Pokrovsky) Cathedral 

The well-known St. Basil’s Cathedral is located on the opposite side of the Voskresensky Gate of the Red Square. It was built under the rule of Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible in 1554-1560 in honour of conquest of the Kazan Khanate. Acc ording to the legend, when the Tsar saw the finished cathedral, he ordered the architects to be blinded so that they would not build

such a beautiful building anywhere else. St. Basil’s is a must-see for anyone

visiting Moscow.

Estate Kuskovo

This estate was built in the 18th century and is representative of typical Russian estate architecture. It is a magnificent site, with a palace, a large park and ponds. The estate is an ideal place to visit on a nice day out.  

In the past, Kuskovo hosted grand parties twice a week for numerous guests, such as estate owners, Moscow’s nobility and even the Empress Catherine II of Russia. www.kuskovo.ru

Historical Museum (SHM)

The historical museum of Moscow has a vast collection representing every phase of the Russian history. The museum is situated on Red Square and it has multiple exhibitions, which display Russia from antiquity until the 21st century.  The museum is one of the most popular in Moscow. If you are interested in Russian history, this museum is a must-see.
More information

Arbat Street
is apedestrian street about one kilometer long in the historical centre ofMoscow. The Arbat has existed since at least the 15th century, which makes it one of the oldest surviving streets of the Russiancapital. It forms the heart of the Arbat Districtof Moscow. Originally the street formed part of an important trade-route and was home to a large number of craftsmen.
Nowadays you can walk along this street and buy some souvenirs.


All three airports are serviced by dedicated Aeroexpress trains bringing you non-stop to centrally located train stations connected with the Metro. Travel time is a very predictable 35-45 minutes (varies by airport). The one-way fare is about 450 RUB if you buy your ticket at the station or about 420 RUB if you buy it online. You can purchase a return ticket which gives a slight discount. The train is Wi-Fi enabled. You can buy the metro tickets together with your Aeroexpress tickets at the airports. The last train from the airport leaves around midnight and then resumes operation at 5 or 6 in the morning depending on the airport (see timetables on the Aeroexpress web site aeroexpress.ru/en/).

The best city’s transport in Moscow  is the Moscow metro , which is very efficient, fast, and is so beautiful it could well be a museum. Although, again, avoid using it in peak hours. It is easy to use it, although there are no signs in English. There is a ring-line (brown) which has crossings with all other radial lines. Metro entrances are marked with a large red letter "M".
The open hours are from 5.20 a.m. to 1.00 a.m. Usually the last train starts its way at 00.50 from the last station at any line; the passes between stations are closed at 1.00 am. When there're rush hours (8.00-9.00, 17.00-19.00) the metro is overcrowded, so it's better to avoid it.
Tickets & Prices. The metro has no special zones - all the metro is one zone, and there's no time limit for using your ticket. You can buy a ticket for 28R ($1) for one trip and spend as much time inside as you like. You can also save money and buy tickets for 5, 10 or 20 trips – they are less expensive. They accept MasterCard and Visa.

Also, to save your time, you can install a local taxi app on your phone, such as GETT Taxi or Yandex. Taxi – both find the nearest driver and have prices that start from 500 R (€10) for a 20-minute ride. It's good to use them as you don't have to negotiate the price in Russian (it's fixed) and if you're traveling longer than 30 minutes (the time it takes from Moscow center to suburbs) they have better prices.


The quickest and the safest way to get from Moscow to St. Petersburg is a high-speed electric trainknown as “Sapsan”. The trains were produced by Siemens Transportation Systems and their maximum speed is 250 km/h (155 mph). It takes about 4 hours to get from one city to another one.

The train offers several classes: Premium 1st class, Superior 1st class, Regular 1st class and 2nd class. There is a bistro on board.The price depends on a kind of carriage, the date of sale of the ticket and percentage of occupied seats on the train.

The best way to buy ticket to “Sapsan” is by on-line. All information and the timetable you can here https://www.russianrail.com/moscow-to-st-petersbur...